Random readings on society, politics and change – Jorge Carrillo
Urbanization has both benefits and costs. In a market economy, the trade-off between benefits and costs determines the level, speed, and pace of urbanization. This paper summarizes research findings on how urbanization enhances productivity and economic growth in both rural and urban sectors, taking the case of India.
We study the relationship between urbanization and growth in the Indian context by examining micro-economic evidence on how enterprises and consumers share production and infrastructure costs, match with specialized workers and employers more efficiently in the labor market, and learn from other producers and workers. Based on extensive data analyses of urbanization, we find no impact of urban–rural inequalities on urbanization, but a significant impact on the population of the largest city in the state.
When accounting for the two-way relationship between urbanization and the rural–urban income ratio, we find that urbanization increases urban–rural inequalities initially, but, at higher levels, reduces them. This paper also studies how the urban areas are affected by migration from rural areas and how rural areas benefit from urban development. Furthermore, policy implications regarding telecommuting and investments in urban infrastructure are summarized. Lessons from India and the People’s Republic of China for each other’s urbanization are also discussed.
We need to drastically change the way we produce and eat food
Cities and Social Change
Forum for thinking and action in international development
A Critical Perspective On Development Economics
A Learning Change Project Blog by Giorgio Bertini
Oppose lese majeste law and human rights abuses in Thailand
Discussions on development opportunities and challenges
Beatrice Cherrier's blog
Urban Studies x Sustainable Development x Geospatial Analysis
A Sussex University Anthropology blog
Alternative paradigms, practices and challenges
A blog on gender, citizenship and urban life
Political Ecology Network
Reinventing the Finnish City
a collaborative writing project on Political Ecology
The global community of academics, practitioners, and activists – led by Dr. Oleg Komlik
Posts are by authors of papers published in the RWER. Anyone may comment.
Just another WordPress.com site
Thinking about place and power - a site written and curated by Stuart Elden
Words & Fotos ON / All rights reserved © Lee Yu Kyung 2022
urban informality + urban development
discussions on digital ethics. privacy and power
Foreigners' Rights and Layman's Legal Overview for Thailand
News about the journal, new articles, free downloads and more
Je procrastine (beaucoup). Mais des fois j'écris (un peu).