Random readings on society, politics and change – Jorge Carrillo
David Satterthwaite – This paper reviews progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for water and sanitation in urban areas. Drawing on UN data, it shows the disastrous performance of many low- and middle-income nations in relation to the goal of halving the proportion without drinking water sources piped on premises and improved sanitation between 1990 and 2015. It also describes how even such a poor performance is actually understating the problem because of deficiencies in the data available. For water, there are no data sources with global coverage on who has “sustainable access to safe drinking water” (what the MDGs specify). UN statistics record whether households have drinking water sources piped on premises, but this does not necessarily mean the water is safe to drink or that there is a regular, reliable supply (what is implied by sustainable access). For what is termed “improved” or “basic” sanitation, the bar is set too low in the quality of provision needed in urban areas, so large numbers of urban dwellers said to have improved or basic sanitation still lack sanitation that greatly reduces health risks. The paper emphasizes that assessments of provision for water and sanitation need to make allowances for different contexts; what can work well in rural contexts does not do so in large and dense urban agglomerations. The paper ends with a discussion of what the experience with the MDGs for water and sanitation implies for the Sustainable Development Goals.
We need to drastically change the way we produce and eat food
Cities and Social Change
Forum for thinking and action in international development
A Critical Perspective On Development Economics
A Learning Change Project Blog by Giorgio Bertini
Oppose lese majeste law and human rights abuses in Thailand
Development Matters is a platform for discussions on development opportunities and challenges.
Beatrice Cherrier's blog
Urban Studies x Sustainable Development x Geospatial Analysis
A Sussex University Anthropology blog
Alternative paradigms, practices and challenges
A blog on gender, citizenship and urban life
Political Ecology Network
Reinventing the Finnish City
a collaborative writing project on Political Ecology
The global community of academics, practitioners, and activists interested in Economic Sociology & Political Economy -- led by Dr. Oleg Komlik
Posts are by authors of papers published in the RWER. Anyone may comment.
Just another WordPress.com site
Thinking about place and power - a site written and curated by Stuart Elden
Words & Fotos ON / All rights reserved © Lee Yu Kyung 2021
urban informality + urban development
discussions on digital ethics. privacy and power
Foreigners' Rights and Layman's Legal Overview for Thailand
News about the journal, new articles, free downloads and more
Je procrastine (beaucoup). Mais des fois j'écris (un peu).